More Than 2,000 Unique Robotically Manufactured Bricks Generate Variable Walls in This Pavilion


© Christian J. Lange

© Christian J. Lange

Developed by researchers and students from the Faculty of Architecture at HKU and Sino Group, the ‘Ceramic Constellation Pavilion’ is built on a wooden structure that supports a series of “walls” formed by about 2,000 clay bricks. Each of these individual components is unique and has been manufactured using robotic technology and 3D printing, allowing to generate different types of transparency and opacity in their different faces. 

Description from the architects. The Pavilion is the first outcome of a new collaboration between The Faculty of Architecture at HKU and Sino Group. The research initiative that supports arts, cultures, and technology is intended to foster cultural awareness of new technologies for the built environment. 


© Christian J. Lange

© Christian J. Lange

In a context that has been largely shaped by standardization and mass production, the project seeks to overcome the constraints of today’s architectural production through the introduction of a structure made entirely of non-standard components.


© Christian J. Lange

© Christian J. Lange

This inaugural workshop of the “Sino Group Robotic Architecture Series” utilized terracotta clay to test the possibilities and limits within robotic fabrication and to revitalize a material system that has a significant tradition in Asia.


© Christian J. Lange

© Christian J. Lange

Departing from traditional brick bonds, the 3.8m tall project articulates a load-bearing composite structure with timber – where each of the nearly 2000 3d printed terracotta bricks is unique and different, enabling varying degrees of transparency, morphological shifts, and new experiences. 


© Christian J. Lange

© Christian J. Lange

Around 700 kg of raw terracotta clay was printed over a period of 3 weeks into individual bricks that were then fired at 1025 degrees Celsius. With 2-3 minutes average printing time for each brick, the pavilion is one of the first of its kind in the world that incorporates this specific material system.


© Christian J. Lange

© Christian J. Lange

All components were fabricated with the equipment in the newly fitted Robotics Lab at HKU’s Faculty of Architecture and assembled during a ten-day workshop by students from the Department of Architecture.


© Christian J. Lange

© Christian J. Lange

The project was recently on show in the North Atrium of Olympian City, West Kowloon and will find its new home soon on the campus of the University of Hong Kong.


Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Diagram

Plan

Plan

Project Leaders: Christian J. Lange, Donn Holohan, Holger Kehne
Institution: Robotic Fabrication Lab, Faculty of Architecture, The University of Hong Kong
Project Location: Hong Kong
Completion Year: 2017
Built Area: 2.5 sqm
Research Assistants: Tony Lau, Anthony Hu, Teego Ma Jun Yin, Ernest Hung Chi Lok, Chau Chi Wang, Ren Depei, Mono Tung, He Qiye, Henry Ho Yu Hong
Workshop students: Go Yi, Sisay Sombo, Cheung Hoi Ching, Cheung King Man, Cheung Pak Yin, Ho Pui Lun, Verena Leung, Sharon So Cheuk Ying, Xu Junjie, Zhao Jinglun, Sampson Ip Cheuk Sum, Tan Shaoying, Yeung Tsz Wing
Funding: Sino Group
Structural engineers: Goman Ho & Alfred Fong – Ove Arup & Partners Hong Kong Ltd
Photography: Christian J. Lange

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